January 30 is World Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTD) Day, an occasion to shed light on the 20 diseases and disease groups whose public health burden is often neglected by authorities and decision-making bodies. NTDs pose a significant threat to the health and well-being of more than 1.6 billion people globally, with the most vulnerable communities being disproportionately affected. Remarkably, 80% of this burden falls on the shoulders of just 16 countries.

The last few years witnessed several outbreaks of NTDs, including dengue, chikungunya, and scabies. Dengue, a viral infection transmitted primarily through infected female Aedes aegypti mosquito, has experienced a notable spread. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 2023 saw a global surge in dengue cases, marked by a significant increase in the number, scale, and simultaneous occurrence of multiple outbreaks. The WHO’s recent assessment highlighted the high global risk of a dengue epidemic spread, considering the increasing risk of transmission and the upsurge in cases and deaths. The re-emergence of dengue and its unprecedented worldwide spread are linked to various factors, including shifts in weather patterns due to climate change.